Rachel Dolezal

The blackest most whitest, white black girl…..Rachel Dolezal

Rachel Dolezal – The blackest most whitest, white black girl that’s ever lived. She’s the ex-leader of the NACPP who ‘identified’ as a black person for most of her life. She was hated and vilified after being ousted by her own parents who didn’t know why she told people she was black. She pretended for years to be a race that she wasn’t in order to pursue social justice and change for struggling black folk. This story goes to the heart of America’s on going love affair with race. Consider these facts;

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The First Photo

First human in a photo

Daguerreotype was the first publicly announced photographic process. It was invented by Louis-Jaques-Mande Daguerre and introduced worldwide in 1839. To make a daguerreotype the daguerreotypist would polish a sheet of silver-plated copper to a mirror finish, treat it with fumes that made its surface light sensitive and expose it in a camera for as long as was necessary. Viewing a daguerreotype is unlike looking at any type of photo. The image does not sit on the surface of the metal, but appears to be floating in space. The first photo of a person was taken using the daguerreotype process. The man in the photo, we should call him Jean-Louis Le Franc, was having his shoes shined. It would be interesting to see howJean Louis would take to Snapchat or Instagram, but we’ve definitely come a long way since then. Modern day photography has become a convenient way to self promote but the ability to physically capture a memory will always be important for us.

Boulevard du Temple – Paris

First Colour Photo

First human photo close up

First colour photo

Thomas Sutton collaborated with the theoretical physicist James Clerk Maxwell to take three separate exposures of a tartan ribbon through red, green and blue filters. The developed negatives were projected through separate magic lanterns, with the same coloured filters, on to a screen to create a single image. The principle of colour photography was born.

First colour photo was a tartan ribbon

First war photo

One of the very first war photographs was of US forces fighting in the Mexican War in 1847. The image of American troops riding into the city of Saltillo was  captured using daguerreotype technology. The photographer was an unknown American who wanted to take pictures of the likenesses of army officers, Mexican civilians and battlefields. The Mexican war resulted in the US forces being victorious and acquired 500,000 sq miles of land. It is estimated close to 5,000 Mexicans were killed during the land acquisition. The photos are rich in history and the rough and abstract finish makes for striking photography.

First war photograph

What is a recession?

What is a Recession

A recession involves at least two consecutive quarters of negative real GDP. GDP is one of the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country’s economy. It represents the total value of all goods and services produced over a specific time period. USA, China, Japan, Germany & the UK have the largest GDP’s around the world  as of 2016. The GDP calculation is a measure of consumer spending + business investment + government spending + net exports.

History of Recession

The international Monetary Fund defines a global recession as a decline in annual per-capita real World GDP. Since WW2 there were only 4 global recessions. In (1975, 1982, 1991 & 2009), all of them lasting about a year. In 1970 and 1998 there was annual GDP growth rate of 3% or less which can also be considered as a recession. It is difficult to define, due to the GDP growth of developed and developing countries being so different. The IMF estimates that global recessions occur over a cycle lasting around 8-10 years.

Where are we now

Global GDP is estimated to have grown by 3.09% in 2015 and looks to grow to 3.16% in 2016 with recovery being mainly driven by developing economies. The US is experiencing small growth in GDP at around 1.2% per quarter and China is  experiencing growth at around the 6.5% per quarter level. The real worry looks to be Japan who are the 3rd largest economy. After seeing a 0.02% expansion in the first quarter of 2016 and with their economy relying heavily on QE, it seems like it’s just a matter of time until their  spiral hits rock bottom. That could have a massive impact on the worlds economic status.

At some point in the near future we will enter another recession. Factors such as Brexit, the Japanese debt crisis, curtailing consumer spending and the ridiculous US presidential election could all be worthy catalysts to send the world back into near negative economic growth. The housing bubble in the UK has so far remained glossy, but with the amount of new building projects in London alone at a super high level prices will be coming down due to over saturation of the market. No one knows when any of this will happen but it is inevitable. You just have to ensure your skills are sharpened so your job is secure and if you can save money for that moment when the price of everything drops you can find yourself a bargain.

If the Universe Expands

One day I will meet myself, and it will be Epic!

Whether the Universe is infinite or infinite is something we won’t be figuring out for a while. We do know that the Universe is massive, and is expanding at an exponential speed. We’ve only been able to see up to the particle horizon which is the most distant observable part of the Universe but there is so much more to be unveiled. There are over a 100 hundred billion galaxies which contain hundreds of billions of stars and to be honest, these numbers start to melt my brain a little bit. Since the earth has only been in existence for 4/5 billion years, and the first homo sapien skeletons were found in Africa  200,000 years ago its still early days for us to be discovering the surroundings of our cosmos. It’s only in the past 50 years that we’ve seen inventions like the Hubble space telescope and computing technology  which have given us the ability to observe further into the depths of the unknown.

It seems like its only a matter of time until we make those outrageous discoveries which will re-shape society as we know it.

Is there life on other planets?

Is there already extra-terrestrial life on this planet?

Could there be parallel universes?

Was Mars attacks actually based on a true story?

By us trying to find out the size of the Universe and sending probes and satellites out we are inching our way towards answers. We have figured out that after 13.8 billion light years in all directions the Universe doesn’t repeat itself , and based on this some super smart scientists have figured out that the Universe is currently around 93 light years across. This is how far we’ve got with the technology and brain power we have so far. However, assuming the Universe is infinite causes a different set of dilemmas.

Consider this, in a cubic meter of space there’s a finite number of particles that can possibly exist within that region. Those particles have a finite number of configurations considering their charge, spin, velocity etc. It is estimated that this number of particles is 10 to the power of 10 to the power of 70. This is a number so vast, you can’t write it out with all the pencils in the Universe. There are only 10 to the power of 80 particles in the observable Universe, so that’s much less than the possible configurations of matter in a cubic meter. If the Universe is infinite, eventually you will reach a place where there’s a duplicate cubic metre of space. The further you go the more duplicates you find.

As time goes on, you will discover more and more identical regions of space and eventually you will meet another you. And then you’ll stop, because at that point you’ll think you’ve gone crazy, but once you have a conversation with yourself you will realise that your both on the same path finding the same types of cubic metres of matter. As you continue you search you will find hundreds, then thousands then millions and billions of you. The number of you’s is infinite, and they will all be collecting other you’s. Some will be vastly different from you, some will be extremely similar. Have you ever looked in a mirror opposite another mirror and seen multiples of yourself? This is kind of like that but on a whole other level.

Determining whether the Universe in finite or infinite will have huge implications. Either way, whoever’s on that journey is going to have a real fun time.